cartoon changes the default cartoon for a set of atoms.
cartoon type, (selection)
- skip (-1)
- automatic (0) (use ss property)
- loop (1)
- rectangle (2)
- oval (3)
- tube (4)
- arrow (5)
- dumbbell (6) (see also cartoon_fancy_helices)
- putty (7) (b-factor scaling)
- dash (8) (new in PyMOL 1.8.2)
cmd.cartoon(string type, string selection )
cartoon rectangle,(chain A) cartoon skip,(resi 145:156)
the "automatic" mode utilizes ribbons according to the information in the PDB HELIX and SHEET records.
Adjusting width of cartoon
Try varying the following.
For nucleic acid backbones which resemble 'loops'; however, are not classified as such by PyMOL (see more about nucleic acid representation settings at bottom of page):
For "fancy" α-helices:
cartoon_dumbbell_length cartoon_dumbbell_width cartoon_dumbbell_radius (radius of cylinder at edge of helix ribbon)
In each case "length" refers to what some might call the width and "width" refers to what some might call the thickness.
Forcing Exact Boundaries in Coloring Secondary Structures
To force PyMOL to respect secondary structural elements color-wise (PyMOL smooths out colors near color chagnes for a prettier image) use the following
set cartoon_discrete_colors, on
The familiar sausage representation in PyMOL is called, "putty". To enable the putty/sausage view simply do,
show cartoon cartoon putty unset cartoon_smooth_loops unset cartoon_flat_sheets
As of v 0.98 or so, there's a Putty option. Use this.
Black and White Representation
UPDATE: This method is essentially obseleted by the new setting set ray_trace_mode,2. More information on this at Ray. For those who want a nifty black and white representation of their protein try the following:
- Ray trace your protein of choice in a cartoon representation use a BLACK background
- Save the image
- Load the image in GIMP.
- Desaturate or Grayscale the image.
- Run the filter: Filter->Edge-Detect->Edge.
- Select: Layers->Color->Invert.
- Different methods of edge detection will give you different results. In the last example, I used Laplace Edge-Detect, then painted an all white layer beneath the current layer to achieve the results.
I'm sure there are other ways to do this. If you want to include it in a publication make sure you ray traced it large enough. For that, see Creating Publication Quality Images.
CA (Alpha Carbon) Trace
If you have a structure with just a alpha carbon trace, you can get a cartoon by
set cartoon_trace,1 show cartoon
If your structure is more than just the CA backbone, the cartoon representation will look incorrect, so use it just with CA trace.
Various Transparency Levels
One can make different cartoon selections have different transparency values, in PyMOL. The trick here is to use "create" or "extract" instead of "select". Create makes new objects that can have independent settings while leaving the original object intact, whereas extract removes the specified atoms from the original object when creating the new object.
load mol_obj.pdb # transfer a piece of the molecule into a new object extract new_obj, chain A # adjust trasparency for the new object set cartoon_transparency, 0.5, new_obj
Nucleic Acid Representation
To control radius of nucleic acids default backbone cartoon:
set cartoon_tube_radius,0.8 #0.5 seems close to the default setting
To show nucleic acids in a nicer format do:
set cartoon_ring_mode,1 show cartoon
Other Nucleic Acids & Cartoon Settings
Here are some things to try:
set cartoon_ring_mode, 1 # (or 2 or 3) set cartoon_ring_finder, 1 # (or 2 or 3 or 4) set cartoon_nucleic_acid_mode, 0 # (or 1 or 2 or 3 or 4) set cartoon_side_chain_helper rebuild set cartoon_ring_transparency, 0.5 set cartoon_ladder_mode, 0 # or 1 set cartoon_ladder_color, color-name set cartoon_nucleic_acid_color, color-name cartoon oval set cartoon_oval_width, 0.8 cartoon rect cartoon dumbbell set cartoon_dumbbell_width, 0.4 set cartoon_dumbbell_radius, 0.4
Breaking Up a Visualization with Cartoon Skip
fetch 1cll, async=0 create a_copy, 1cll # show them as cartoons color blue, 1cll set cartoon_highlight_color, green, 1cll color marine, a_copy set cartoon_highlight_color, magenta, a_copy # select the region of interest select to_hide, i. 0-79 show_as cartoon cartoon skip, to_hide and 1cll orient # hide/skip this section in the original cartoon skip, i. 81-200 and a_copy ray